Background Information

  • The written movement is a combined effort of brain, muscles, and nerves under the influence of the central nervous system. It involves a network of information given from the brain to the arm, hand and fingers.

Each writer is unique as no two people write exactly the same.

  • Handwriting is identified by a study and comparison of all its qualities, elements, features and characteristics. All vary from copy book (the way we were taught to write) to higher individual styles, of a particular writer.
  • Although there are many people with similar writing habits, and this can often be seen in groups of individuals, such as families, teams, professions, each individual develops personal diversities that are their own special preference. It is these small details that distinguish one writing from another and under careful examination, characteristics that are peculiar to the writer will appear.
  • It is natural for a degree of variation between samples of writing especially that of the individual signature, but essential elements that are unconscious movements can usually identify the individual author.
  • Disguise is rarely original and as a rule consists of superficial changes that affect the overall appearance but omit some of the details.
  • When signing a document, the individual is mainly concerned about the contents and the meaning behind the paper being signed rather than the mechanics of the signing process. Therefore the signature is likely to appear natural and spontaneous. Genuine signatures have a certain rhythm and are written without effort. It is very difficult for an alien hand to reproduce rhythmic natural flow and the forger has to imitate movements that are unfamiliar. Such reproductions are often hesitant and take on a tremulous appearance.